Micromachines 2012, 3(2), 427-441; doi:10.3390/mi3020427
Article

Quantitative Studies on PDMS-PDMS Interface Bonding with Piranha Solution and its Swelling Effect

Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 March 2012; in revised form: 26 April 2012 / Accepted: 26 April 2012 / Published: 4 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer MEMS)
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Abstract: In this paper, a low-cost yet effective method of irreversible bonding between two elastomeric polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) interfaces using Piranha solution is investigated. Piranha solutions at a weight ratio of 3:1 using different acids and hydrogen peroxide were attempted. The average tensile strengths of the device bonded with concentrated sulfuric acid-based piranha solution and nitric acid-based piranha solution were found to be 200 ± 20 kPa and 100 ± 15 kPa respectively. A PDMS surface treated with Piranha Solution demonstrated an increase in hydrophilicity. In addition, relatively straightforward swelling studies of PDMS using a weight loss method with common organic solvents were also investigated. Experimental results show that hexane, toluene, ethyl acetate, n-propyl alcohol and acetone swell PDMS significantly over a duration of up to 1 h and above; PDMS samples reached a steady state of swelling only after 5 min of immersion in other solvents. This will enable researchers to develop devices for the future according to the interaction between the material and the solvents in contact.
Keywords: polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS); swelling; bonding effects; piranha solution

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MDPI and ACS Style

Koh, K.-S.; Chin, J.; Chia, J.; Chiang, C.-L. Quantitative Studies on PDMS-PDMS Interface Bonding with Piranha Solution and its Swelling Effect. Micromachines 2012, 3, 427-441.

AMA Style

Koh K-S, Chin J, Chia J, Chiang C-L. Quantitative Studies on PDMS-PDMS Interface Bonding with Piranha Solution and its Swelling Effect. Micromachines. 2012; 3(2):427-441.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koh, Kai-Seng; Chin, Jitkai; Chia, Joanna; Chiang, Choon-Lai. 2012. "Quantitative Studies on PDMS-PDMS Interface Bonding with Piranha Solution and its Swelling Effect." Micromachines 3, no. 2: 427-441.

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