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Micromachines 2012, 3(1), 137-149; doi:10.3390/mi3010137
Article

A Flexible Capacitive Sensor with Encapsulated Liquids as Dielectrics

1
, 1
 and 1,2,*
Received: 1 February 2012; in revised form: 2 March 2012 / Accepted: 2 March 2012 / Published: 13 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer MEMS)
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Abstract: Flexible and high-sensitive capacitive sensors are demanded to detect pressure distribution and/or tactile information on a curved surface, hence, wide varieties of polymer-based flexible MEMS sensors have been developed. High-sensitivity may be achieved by increasing the capacitance of the sensor using solid dielectric material while it deteriorates the flexibility. Using air as the dielectric, to maintain the flexibility, sacrifices the sensor sensitivity. In this paper, we demonstrate flexible and highly sensitive capacitive sensor arrays that encapsulate highly dielectric liquids as the dielectric. Deionized water and glycerin, which have relative dielectric constants of approximately 80 and 47, respectively, could increase the capacitance of the sensor when used as the dielectric while maintaining flexibility of the sensor with electrodes patterned on flexible polymer substrates. A reservoir of liquids between the electrodes was designed to have a leak path, which allows the sensor to deform despite of the incompressibility of the encapsulated liquids. The proposed sensor was microfabricated and demonstrated successfully to have a five times greater sensitivity than sensors that use air as the dielectric.
Keywords: capacitive sensor; flexible; tactile sensor; liquid encapsulation; polymer MEMS capacitive sensor; flexible; tactile sensor; liquid encapsulation; polymer MEMS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hotta, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Miki, N. A Flexible Capacitive Sensor with Encapsulated Liquids as Dielectrics. Micromachines 2012, 3, 137-149.

AMA Style

Hotta Y, Zhang Y, Miki N. A Flexible Capacitive Sensor with Encapsulated Liquids as Dielectrics. Micromachines. 2012; 3(1):137-149.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hotta, Yasunari; Zhang, Yuhua; Miki, Norihisa. 2012. "A Flexible Capacitive Sensor with Encapsulated Liquids as Dielectrics." Micromachines 3, no. 1: 137-149.


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