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Toxins 2017, 9(9), 286; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins9090286

A Decrease of Incidence Cases of Fumonisins in South Korean Feedstuff between 2011 and 2016

1
Advanced Food Safety Research Group, BrainKorea21 Plus, Department of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, 4726, Seodong-daero, Anseong-si 17546, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service, 141, Yongjeon-ro, Gimcheon-si 39660, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
3
Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Science, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paola Battilani
Received: 24 August 2017 / Revised: 6 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Understanding Mycotoxin Occurrence in Food and Feed Chains)
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Abstract

Several plant pathogen Fusarium species produce fumonisins (FUMs); which can end up in food and feed and; when ingested; can exhibit harmful effects on humans and livestock. Mycotoxin intoxication by fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) can cause porcine pulmonary edema; leukoencephalomalacia in equines; esophageal cancer and birth defects by natural contamination. Herein; the occurrence of FB1 and FB2 in feedstuff (compound feed and feed ingredients) was investigated between 2011 and 2016 in South Korea. A total of 535 animal feed samples (425 compound feed samples and 110 feed ingredients) produced domestically were sampled four times between 2011 and 2016 (2011; 2012; 2014 and 2016) from feed factories in South Korea. The limit of detection (LOD) for FB1 and FB2 was 20 μg/kg and 25 μg/kg; respectively; and the limit of quantitation (LOQ) was 30 μg/kg and 35 μg/kg; respectively. The recovery range (%) was between 86.4% and 108.8%; and the relative standard deviation (RSD) (%) was 4.7–12.1%. Seven (swine feed samples) out of the 425 feed samples exceeded the European Union (EU) and South Korea commission regulations over the six-year test period; and no feed ingredients exceeded the guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxin; fumonisins; fumonisin B1; fumonisin B2; feedstuffs; compound feed; feed ingredients mycotoxin; fumonisins; fumonisin B1; fumonisin B2; feedstuffs; compound feed; feed ingredients
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary materials

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    Supplementary (PDF, 147 KB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.3390/toxins9070223
    Link: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/7/223
    Description: Table S1. Classification of compound feeds for cattle, Table S2. Classification of compound feeds for swine, Table S3. Classification of compound feeds for poultry, Table S4. Classification of compound feeds for dairy cows, Table S5. Classification of feed ingredients.

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Park, J.; Chang, H.; Hong, S.; Kim, D.; Chung, S.; Lee, C. A Decrease of Incidence Cases of Fumonisins in South Korean Feedstuff between 2011 and 2016. Toxins 2017, 9, 286.

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