Antivenom Evaluation by Electrophysiological Analysis
AbstractScorpion stings on humans are medically relevant because they may contain toxins that specifically target ion channels. During antivenom production, pharmaceutical companies must use a large number of experimental animals to ensure the antivenom’s efficacy according to pharmacopeia methods. Here we present an electrophysiological alternative for the evaluation of horse antivenoms produced against two species of Moroccan scorpions: Buthus mardochei and Androctonus mauretanicus. Human sodium and potassium channels and acetylcholine nicotinic receptors were analyzed by standard patch-clamp techniques. The results showed that the antivenom is capable of reversing ion current disruption caused by the venom application. We propose the use of this in vitro technique for antivenom evaluation as an alternative to using a large number of live animals. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Restano-Cassulini, R.; Garcia, W.; Paniagua-Solís, J.F.; Possani, L.D. Antivenom Evaluation by Electrophysiological Analysis. Toxins 2017, 9, 74.
Restano-Cassulini R, Garcia W, Paniagua-Solís JF, Possani LD. Antivenom Evaluation by Electrophysiological Analysis. Toxins. 2017; 9(3):74.Chicago/Turabian Style
Restano-Cassulini, Rita; Garcia, Walter; Paniagua-Solís, Jorge F.; Possani, Lourival D. 2017. "Antivenom Evaluation by Electrophysiological Analysis." Toxins 9, no. 3: 74.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.