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Reply to Comment on “Screening and Identification of Novel Ochratoxin A-Producing Fungi from Grapes”. Toxins 2016, 8, 333”–in Reporting Ochratoxin A Production from Strains of Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces
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Reply published on 14 February 2017, see Toxins 2017, 9(2), 66.

Comment of Toxins 2016, 8(11), 333.

Open AccessComment
Toxins 2017, 9(2), 65; doi:10.3390/toxins9020065

Comments on “Screening and Identification of Novel Ochratoxin A-Producing Fungi from Grapes. Toxins 2016, 8, 333”—In Reporting Ochratoxin A Production from Strains of Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces

1
Institute of Food Science and Production, National Reseach Council (CNR), I-70126 Bari, Italy
2
Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sarah De Saeger
Received: 14 December 2016 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 14 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Ochratoxins-Collection)
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Comment published on 14 February 2017, see Toxins 2017, 9(2), 65.

Abstract

Recently a species in the genus Talaromyces, a uniseriate species of Aspergillus section Nigri and an isolate each of two widespread species, Penicillium rubens and P. commune, were reported to produce ochratoxin A. This claim was based on insufficient biological and chemical data. We propose a list of criteria that need to be met before an unexpected mycotoxin producer is reported. There have only been convincing data on ochratoxin A production for Penicillium verrucosum, P. nordicum, P. thymicola, all from Penicillium series Verrucosa, and from species in three sections of Aspergillus: section Circumdati, section Nigri and section Flavi. View Full-Text
Keywords: pure culture; correct identification; ochratoxin A; Penicillium rubens; Penicillium commune; Talaromyces species pure culture; correct identification; ochratoxin A; Penicillium rubens; Penicillium commune; Talaromyces species
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Perrone, G.; Logrieco, A.F.; Frisvad, J.C. Comments on “Screening and Identification of Novel Ochratoxin A-Producing Fungi from Grapes. Toxins 2016, 8, 333”—In Reporting Ochratoxin A Production from Strains of Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces. Toxins 2017, 9, 65.

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