Next Article in Journal
The Use of Recently Developed Histochemical Markers for Localizing Neurotoxicant Induced Regional Brain Pathologies
Next Article in Special Issue
Scorpions: A Presentation
Previous Article in Journal
Recombinant Expression and Functional Characterization of Martentoxin: A Selective Inhibitor for BK Channel (α + β4)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Electrophysiological Characterization of Ts6 and Ts7, K+ Channel Toxins Isolated through an Improved Tityus serrulatus Venom Purification Procedure
Toxins 2014, 6(4), 1434-1452; doi:10.3390/toxins6041434
Article

Comments on Environmental and Sanitary Aspects of the Scorpionism by Tityus trivittatus in Buenos Aires City, Argentina

Received: 20 January 2014; in revised form: 21 March 2014 / Accepted: 3 April 2014 / Published: 22 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Scorpion Toxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1216 KB, uploaded 22 April 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Deaths by venomous animals are medical emergencies that can lead to death and thus constitute sanitary problems in some regions of the world. In the South of America, the accidents by these animals are a common sanitary problem especially in warm, tropical or subtropical regions, related with rural work in several countries. Argentina is located in the extreme South of South America and a minor part of the continental surface is in tropical or subtropical regions, where most of the accidents by venomous animals happen. However, in the big cities in the center and South of the country, with no relation to rural work, scorpionism, mostly due to the synanthropic and facultative parthenogenetic scorpion Tityus trivittatus, has become a sanitary problem in the last few decades. This scorpion is present in the biggest cities of Argentina and in the last decades has killed over 20 children in provinces of the center and north of the country, mostly in big cities. In addition, it seems that this species is growing and spreading in new regions of the cities. In this revision, some characteristics of this scorpion regarding its habitat, spreading in Buenos Aires city, combat measures and available treatments are discussed.
Keywords: Tityus trivittatus; scorpion; antivenom; environment; distribution Tityus trivittatus; scorpion; antivenom; environment; distribution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

de Roodt, A.R. Comments on Environmental and Sanitary Aspects of the Scorpionism by Tityus trivittatus in Buenos Aires City, Argentina. Toxins 2014, 6, 1434-1452.

AMA Style

de Roodt AR. Comments on Environmental and Sanitary Aspects of the Scorpionism by Tityus trivittatus in Buenos Aires City, Argentina. Toxins. 2014; 6(4):1434-1452.

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Roodt, Adolfo R. 2014. "Comments on Environmental and Sanitary Aspects of the Scorpionism by Tityus trivittatus in Buenos Aires City, Argentina." Toxins 6, no. 4: 1434-1452.


Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert