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Toxins 2014, 6(7), 2137-2148; doi:10.3390/toxins6072137

Scorpions: A Presentation

1,*  and 2,3,4
1 Department RDDM, National Museum of Natural History, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France 2 Unit "Interactions Host-Pathogen", IRBA, BP 73, 91223 Brétigny-sur-Orge, France 3 Laboratory "Pathogeny of Bacterial Toxi-Infections", Pasteur Institute, 28 rue du Dr-Roux, 75725 Paris Cedex 15, France 4 Ecole du Val-de-Grâce, 1 place Alphonse Laveran, 75005 Paris, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2013 / Revised: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Scorpion Toxins)
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Scorpions, at least the species of the family Buthidæ whose venoms are better known, appear as animals that have evolved very little over time. The composition of their venoms is relatively simple as most toxins have a common structural motif that is found in other venoms from primitive species. Moreover, all the scorpion venom toxins principally act on membrane ionic channels of excitable cells. The results of recent works lead to the conclusion that in scorpions there is a close relationship between venomous function and innate immune function both remarkably efficient.
Keywords: scorpions; biology; venom toxins; defensins scorpions; biology; venom toxins; defensins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Goyffon, M.; Tournier, J.-N. Scorpions: A Presentation. Toxins 2014, 6, 2137-2148.

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