Toxins 2010, 2(8), 2132-2157; doi:10.3390/toxins2082132
Review

Toxin Mediated Diarrhea in the 21st Century: The Pathophysiology of Intestinal Ion Transport in the Course of ETEC, V. cholerae and Rotavirus Infection

Departments of Surgery & Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2010; Accepted: 9 August 2010 / Published: 10 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enterotoxins)
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Abstract: An estimated 4 billion episodes of diarrhea occur each year. As a result, 2–3 million children and 0.5–1 million adults succumb to the consequences of this major healthcare concern. The majority of these deaths can be attributed to toxin mediated diarrhea by infectious agents, such as E. coli, V. cholerae or Rotavirus. Our understanding of the pathophysiological processes underlying these infectious diseases has notably improved over the last years. This review will focus on the cellular mechanism of action of the most common enterotoxins and the latest specific therapeutic approaches that have been developed to contain their lethal effects.
Keywords: cholera; enterotoxigenic E. coli; enterotoxin; NSP4; STa; LT-I

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kopic, S.; Geibel, J.P. Toxin Mediated Diarrhea in the 21st Century: The Pathophysiology of Intestinal Ion Transport in the Course of ETEC, V. cholerae and Rotavirus Infection. Toxins 2010, 2, 2132-2157.

AMA Style

Kopic S, Geibel JP. Toxin Mediated Diarrhea in the 21st Century: The Pathophysiology of Intestinal Ion Transport in the Course of ETEC, V. cholerae and Rotavirus Infection. Toxins. 2010; 2(8):2132-2157.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kopic, Sascha; Geibel, John P. 2010. "Toxin Mediated Diarrhea in the 21st Century: The Pathophysiology of Intestinal Ion Transport in the Course of ETEC, V. cholerae and Rotavirus Infection." Toxins 2, no. 8: 2132-2157.

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