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How Should Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Be Characterized?
French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (Anses)–Food safety laboratory of Maisons-Alfort, European Union Reference Laboratory for Coagulase Positive Staphylococci, 23 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2010 / Accepted: 5 August 2010 / Published: 10 August 2010
Abstract: Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the most common food-borne diseases and results from the ingestion of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) preformed in food by enterotoxigenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus. To date, more than 20 SEs have been described: SEA to SElV. All SEs have superantigenic activity whereas only a few have been proved to be emetic, representing a potential hazard for consumers. Characterization of staphylococcal food poisoning outbreaks (SFPOs) has considerably progressed compared to 80 years ago, when staphylococci were simply enumerated and only five enterotoxins were known for qualitative detection. Today, SFPOs can be characterized by a number of approaches, such as the identification of S. aureus biovars, PCR and RT-PCR methods to identify the se genes involved, immunodetection of specific SEs, and absolute quantification by mass spectrometry. An integrated gene-to-protein approach for characterizing staphylococcal food poisoning is advocated.
Keywords: staphylococcal enterotoxin; food poisoning; enzyme immunoassay; molecular tools; mass spectrometry
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hennekinne, J.-A.; Ostyn, A.; Guillier, F.; Herbin, S.; Prufer, A.-L.; Dragacci, S. How Should Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Be Characterized? Toxins 2010, 2, 2106-2116.
Hennekinne J-A, Ostyn A, Guillier F, Herbin S, Prufer A-L, Dragacci S. How Should Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Be Characterized? Toxins. 2010; 2(8):2106-2116.
Hennekinne, Jacques-Antoine; Ostyn, Annick; Guillier, Florence; Herbin, Sabine; Prufer, Anne-Laure; Dragacci, Sylviane. 2010. "How Should Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Be Characterized?" Toxins 2, no. 8: 2106-2116.