Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Predicted Roles of the Uncharacterized Clustered Genes in Aflatoxin Biosynthesis
Previous Article in Journal
Intersex Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) from a Contaminated River in Taiwan: A Case Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Neem Leaf Extract and Neem Oil on Penicillium Growth, Sporulation, Morphology and Ochratoxin A Production
Toxins 2009, 1(1), 25-36; doi:10.3390/toxins1010025
Article

Oxazolone-Induced Delayed Type Hypersensitivity Reaction in the Adult Yucatan Pigs. A Useful Model for Drug Development and Validation

1, 2,*  and 3,*
Received: 29 July 2009; in revised form: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 21 August 2009 / Published: 21 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [368 KB, uploaded 20 August 2009]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to establish a model of delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in the ear skin of large animals such as adult Yucatan pigs, which may aid in evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic modalities of newly developed anti-inflammatory drugs. The pigs were sensitized with oxazolone, re-challenged with the same irritant six days later, and dosed with either vehicle or with cyclosporine A (CsA) before and after challenge. CsA reduced the redness, inhibited the accumulation of ear fluid and inflammatory cells, as well as the release of the inflammatory mediators. Further, CsA inhibited the proliferation of T cells collected from the spleens or PBMCs of CsA-treated pigs when these cells were stimulated in vitro with PMA plus Ionomycin. These results indicate that pig skin can be used to evaluate modalities for the purpose of developing drugs that may be used to treat DTH in humans.
Keywords: delayed type hypersensitivity; pigs; cyclosporine A; C-reactive protein; phorbol myristate acetate; ionomycin; chemokines; cytokines delayed type hypersensitivity; pigs; cyclosporine A; C-reactive protein; phorbol myristate acetate; ionomycin; chemokines; cytokines
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Nuhaily, S.; Damaj, B.B.; Maghazachi, A.A. Oxazolone-Induced Delayed Type Hypersensitivity Reaction in the Adult Yucatan Pigs. A Useful Model for Drug Development and Validation. Toxins 2009, 1, 25-36.

AMA Style

Nuhaily S, Damaj BB, Maghazachi AA. Oxazolone-Induced Delayed Type Hypersensitivity Reaction in the Adult Yucatan Pigs. A Useful Model for Drug Development and Validation. Toxins. 2009; 1(1):25-36.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nuhaily, Samer; Damaj, Bassam B.; Maghazachi, Azzam A. 2009. "Oxazolone-Induced Delayed Type Hypersensitivity Reaction in the Adult Yucatan Pigs. A Useful Model for Drug Development and Validation." Toxins 1, no. 1: 25-36.


Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert