Toxins 2009, 1(1), 14-24; doi:10.3390/toxins1010014
Article

Intersex Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) from a Contaminated River in Taiwan: A Case Study

Received: 24 July 2009; in revised form: 7 August 2009 / Accepted: 11 August 2009 / Published: 13 August 2009
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: River pollution in Taiwan is rather serious, but so far there have been no reports of fish intersex problems. This report reveals that 50% male tilapia in the Era-Jiin River of southern Taiwan were found to be feminized in an October 8, 1994 collection from station EJ-2 of this river. After discounting all other possible causative factors, and correlating with endocrine disrupting chemicals found in this river, we suggest that there is a great possibility that the occurrence of intersex tilapia was caused by these chemicals. The above finding suggests that greater attention needs to be given to endocrine disrupting chemicals problems.
Keywords: tilapia; morphological deformity; biomarker; indicator; river pollution; endocrine disrupting chemicals; intersex
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, P.L.; Tsai, S.-S. Intersex Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) from a Contaminated River in Taiwan: A Case Study. Toxins 2009, 1, 14-24.

AMA Style

Sun PL, Tsai S-S. Intersex Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) from a Contaminated River in Taiwan: A Case Study. Toxins. 2009; 1(1):14-24.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Peter L.; Tsai, Shinn-Shoung. 2009. "Intersex Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) from a Contaminated River in Taiwan: A Case Study." Toxins 1, no. 1: 14-24.

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