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Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 923; doi:10.3390/nu9090923

Consumption of a High Quantity and a Wide Variety of Vegetables Are Predicted by Different Food Choice Motives in Older Adults from France, Italy and the UK

1
Research Centre for Behaviour Change, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
2
Dipartimento di Gestione Sistemi Agrari, Alimentari e Forestali, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, 50144 Florence, Italy
3
Food and Behaviours Department, Bonduelle, 59653 Villeneuve D’Ascq, France
4
Centre de Recherche, Institut Paul Bocuse, 69131 Ecully, France
5
Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
6
Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
7
Faculty of Management, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 10 August 2017 / Accepted: 17 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Diet Quality and Human Health)
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Abstract

Background: Consumption of a high quantity and wide variety of vegetables is currently recommended for health. Dietary variety can be low, however, particularly for older adults. This study investigated the affective factors associated with the quantity and variety of vegetables consumed by older adults in France, Italy and the UK. Methods: Adults aged 65 years plus completed questionnaires on self-reported vegetable intake (quantity and variety), liking for vegetables, attitudes towards intake, and demographic variables. Results: In 497 older adults (France, n = 187, Italy, n = 152, UK, n = 158), higher quantities of vegetables consumed were associated with a higher age, affluence score and liking for vegetables, and a lower importance in consumption of familiarity (smallest β = 0.11, p = 0.03). Greater variety was associated with a higher liking and importance of health benefits, and a lower importance of familiarity (smallest β = −0.11, p < 0.01). Higher quantity and variety combined (quantity × variety) was associated with a higher age, liking and importance of health benefits, and a lower importance of familiarity (smallest β = 0.14, p = 0.02). Country-specific effects were also found (smallest β = 0.20, p < 0.01). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate a role for liking and a lower concern for eating familiar foods in vegetable consumption, and a particular role for concern for health benefits in the consumption of a greater variety of vegetables. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetable consumption; older people; quantity; variety; food choice; liking vegetable consumption; older people; quantity; variety; food choice; liking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Appleton, K.M.; Dinnella, C.; Spinelli, S.; Morizet, D.; Saulais, L.; Hemingway, A.; Monteleone, E.; Depezay, L.; Perez-Cueto, F.J.A.; Hartwell, H. Consumption of a High Quantity and a Wide Variety of Vegetables Are Predicted by Different Food Choice Motives in Older Adults from France, Italy and the UK. Nutrients 2017, 9, 923.

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