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Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 921; doi:10.3390/nu9090921

An Appetite for Modernizing the Regulatory Framework for Protein Content Claims in Canada

1
Pulse Canada, 1212-220 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3C 0A5, Canada
2
Loblaw Companies Limited, 1 President’s Choice Circle, Brampton, ON L6Y 5S5, Canada
3
Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
4
Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, 2233 Argentia Road-Suite 201, Mississauga, ON L5N 2X7, Canada
5
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
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Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
7
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
8
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1109 KB, uploaded 24 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

The need for protein-rich plant-based foods continues as dietary guidelines emphasize their contribution to healthy dietary patterns that prevent chronic disease and promote environmental sustainability. However, the Canadian Food and Drug Regulations provide a regulatory framework that can prevent Canadian consumers from identifying protein-rich plant-based foods. In Canada, protein nutrient content claims are based on the protein efficiency ratio (PER) and protein rating method, which is based on a rat growth bioassay. PERs are not additive, and the protein rating of a food is underpinned by its Reasonable Daily Intake. The restrictive nature of Canada’s requirements for supporting protein claims therefore presents challenges for Canadian consumers to adapt to a rapidly changing food environment. This commentary will present two options for modernizing the regulatory framework for protein content claims in Canada. The first and preferred option advocates that protein quality not be considered in the determination of the eligibility of a food for protein content claims. The second and less preferred option, an interim solution, is a framework for adopting the protein digestibility corrected amino acid score as the official method for supporting protein content and quality claims and harmonizes Canada’s regulatory framework with that of the USA. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein; protein quality; protein efficiency ratio; protein digestibility corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS); regulation protein; protein quality; protein efficiency ratio; protein digestibility corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS); regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marinangeli, C.P.F.; Foisy, S.; Shoveller, A.K.; Porter, C.; Musa-Veloso, K.; Sievenpiper, J.L.; Jenkins, D.J.A. An Appetite for Modernizing the Regulatory Framework for Protein Content Claims in Canada. Nutrients 2017, 9, 921.

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