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Nutrients 2017, 9(8), 800; doi:10.3390/nu9080800

Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2X8, Canada
2
Cirrhosis Care Clinic and CEGIIR, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2X8, Canada
3
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T6G 2X8, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 18 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [269 KB, uploaded 26 July 2017]

Abstract

Poor dietary composition is an important factor in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The majority of NAFLD patients follow diets with overconsumption of simple carbohydrates, total and saturated fat, with reduced intake of dietary fiber and omega-3 rich foods. Although lifestyle modifications including weight loss and exercise remain the keystone of NAFLD management, modifying dietary composition with or without a calorie-restricted diet may also be a feasible and sustainable strategy for NAFLD treatment. In the present review article, we highlight the potential therapeutic role of a “high quality healthy diet” to improve hepatic steatosis and metabolic dysfunction in patients with NAFLD, independent of caloric restriction and weight loss. We provide a literature review evaluating the evidence behind dietary components including fiber-, meat- and omega-3-rich diets and, pending further evidence, we concur with the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Guidelines recommendation of the Mediterranean diet as the diet of choice in these patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; dietary composition; Mediterranean diet non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; dietary composition; Mediterranean diet
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Eslamparast, T.; Tandon, P.; Raman, M. Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nutrients 2017, 9, 800.

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