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Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 494; doi:10.3390/nu9050494

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012

1
Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne 1000, Switzerland
2
Children’s Hospital of Mexico Federico Gómez, National Institute of Health, Mexico City 06720, Mexico
3
Nestlé Infant Nutrition, Mexico City 11520, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 March 2017 / Revised: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 8 May 2017 / Published: 13 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Behavior in Children)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [287 KB, uploaded 16 May 2017]

Abstract

Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0–5.9, 6–11.9, 12–23.9, and 24–47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow’s milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6–11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top contributors for all nutrients and tortillas, eggs, and egg dishes were among the top contributors for iron and zinc. This study showed that low nutrient-dense cookies, sweetened breads, and traditional beverages were among the core foods consumed early in life in Mexico. This compromises the intake of more nutritious foods such as vegetables and fortified cereals and increases the risk of obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ENSANUT 2012; infants; toddlers; young children; food sources; energy; nutrients ENSANUT 2012; infants; toddlers; young children; food sources; energy; nutrients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Denney, L.; Afeiche, M.C.; Eldridge, A.L.; Villalpando-Carrión, S. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Nutrients 2017, 9, 494.

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