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Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 495; doi:10.3390/nu9050495

The Effect of Diet on the Survival of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

1
Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113, 90-549 Lodz, Poland
2
Palliative Medicine Unit, Chair of Oncology, Medical University of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113, 90-549 Lodz, Poland
3
Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine, WAM Teaching Hospital of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113, 90-549 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 13 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Chronic Kidney Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [282 KB, uploaded 17 May 2017]

Abstract

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high and it is gradually increasing. Individuals with CKD should introduce appropriate measures to hamper the progression of kidney function deterioration as well as prevent the development or progression of CKD-related diseases. A kidney-friendly diet may help to protect kidneys from further damage. Patients with kidney damage should limit the intake of certain foods to reduce the accumulation of unexcreted metabolic products and also to protect against hypertension, proteinuria and other heart and bone health problems. Despite the fact that the influence of certain types of nutrients has been widely studied in relation to kidney function and overall health in CKD patients, there are few studies on the impact of a specific diet on their survival. Animal studies demonstrated prolonged survival of rats with CKD fed with protein-restricted diets. In humans, the results of studies are conflicting. Some of them indicate slowing down of the progression of kidney disease and reduction in proteinuria, but other underline significant worsening of patients’ nutritional state, which can be dangerous. A recent systemic study revealed that a healthy diet comprising many fruits and vegetables, fish, legumes, whole grains, and fibers and also the cutting down on red meat, sodium, and refined sugar intake was associated with lower mortality in people with kidney disease. The aim of this paper is to review the results of studies concerning the impact of diet on the survival of CKD patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: survival; diet; chronic kidney disease; malnutrition; glomerular filtration; mortality survival; diet; chronic kidney disease; malnutrition; glomerular filtration; mortality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rysz, J.; Franczyk, B.; Ciałkowska-Rysz, A.; Gluba-Brzózka, A. The Effect of Diet on the Survival of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Nutrients 2017, 9, 495.

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