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Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 518; doi:10.3390/nu9050518

Advising Consumption of Green Vegetables, Beef, and Full-Fat Dairy Products Has No Adverse Effects on the Lipid Profiles in Children

1
Ziekenhuisgroep Twente, Hengelo, Geerdinksweg 141, Hengelo 7555 DL, The Netherlands
2
Isala Zwolle, Dokter van Heesweg 2, Zwolle 8025 AB, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 19 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Behavior in Children)
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Abstract

In children, little is known about lipid profiles and the influence of dietary habits. In the past, we developed a dietary advice for optimizing the immune system, which comprised green vegetables, beef, whole milk, and full-fat butter. However, there are concerns about a possible negative influence of the full-fat dairy products of the diet on the lipid profile. We investigated the effect of the developed dietary advice on the lipid profile and BMI (body mass index)/BMI-z-score of children. In this retrospective cohort study, we included children aged 1–16 years, of whom a lipid profile was determined in the period between June 2011 and November 2013 in our hospital. Children who adhered to the dietary advice were assigned to the exposed group and the remaining children were assigned to the unexposed group. After following the dietary advice for at least three months, there was a statistically significant reduction in the cholesterol/HDL (high-density lipoproteins) ratio (p < 0.001) and non-HDL-cholesterol (p = 0.044) and a statistically significant increase in the HDL-cholesterol (p = 0.009) in the exposed group, while there was no difference in the BMI and BMI z-scores. The dietary advice has no adverse effect on the lipid profile, BMI, and BMI z-scores in children, but has a significant beneficial effect on the cholesterol/HDL ratio, non-HDL-cholesterol, and the HDL-cholesterol. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; dietary advice; full-fat dairy products; green vegetables; beef; cholesterol; lipid profile; BMI; cardiovascular risk factors children; dietary advice; full-fat dairy products; green vegetables; beef; cholesterol; lipid profile; BMI; cardiovascular risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

van der Gaag, E.J.; Wieffer, R.; van der Kraats, J. Advising Consumption of Green Vegetables, Beef, and Full-Fat Dairy Products Has No Adverse Effects on the Lipid Profiles in Children. Nutrients 2017, 9, 518.

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