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Nutrients 2015, 7(4), 2524-2538; doi:10.3390/nu7042524

The Challenges of Home Enteral Tube Feeding: A Global Perspective

Faculty of Education and Health,University of Greenwich, Avery Hill Campus, Avery Hill Road, London SE9 2UG, UK
Received: 16 December 2014 / Revised: 17 February 2015 / Accepted: 1 April 2015 / Published: 8 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Enteral Nutrition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [104 KB, uploaded 8 April 2015]

Abstract

The aim of this review is to provide a global perspective of Home Enteral Tube Feeding (HETF) and to outline some of the challenges of home enteral nutrition (HEN) provisions. It is well established that the number of patients on HETF is on the increase worldwide due to advances in technology, development of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy techniques, and the shift in care provisions from acute to community settings. While the significance of home enteral nutrition in meeting the nutritional requirements of patients with poor swallowing reflexes and those with poor nutritional status is not in doubt, differences exist in terms of funding, standards, management approaches and the level of infrastructural development across the world. Strategies for alleviating some of the challenges militating against the effective delivery of HETF including the development of national and international standards, guidelines and policies for HETF, increased awareness and funding by government at all levels were discussed. Others, including development of HEN services, which should create the enabling environment for multidisciplinary team work, clinical audit and research, recruitment and retention of specialist staff, and improvement in patient outcomes have been outlined. However, more research is required to fully establish the cost effectiveness of the HEN service especially in developing countries and to compare the organization of HEN service between developing and developed countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: enteral tube feeding; community; global perspective; developing countries; developed countries; home enteral nutrition enteral tube feeding; community; global perspective; developing countries; developed countries; home enteral nutrition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ojo, O. The Challenges of Home Enteral Tube Feeding: A Global Perspective. Nutrients 2015, 7, 2524-2538.

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