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Nutrients 2015, 7(4), 2518-2523; doi:10.3390/nu7042518

The Key Role of Government in Addressing the Pandemic of Micronutrient Deficiency Conditions in Southeast Asia

1
Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Hadassah Medical Center, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91220, Israel
2
School of Health Professions, Ashkelon Academic College, Ashkelon 78108, Israel 
Received: 23 January 2015 / Revised: 28 March 2015 / Accepted: 1 April 2015 / Published: 8 April 2015
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Abstract

Micronutrient deficiency conditions are a major global public health problem. While the private sector has an important role in addressing this problem, the main responsibility lies with national governments, in cooperation with international agencies and donors. Mandatory fortification of basic foods provides a basic necessary intake for the majority and needs to be supported by provision of essential vitamin and mineral supplements for mothers and children and other high risk groups. Fortification by government mandate and regulation is essential with cooperation by private sector food manufacturers, and in the context of broader policies for poverty reduction, education and agricultural reform. Iron, iodine, vitamin A, vitamin B complex, folic acid, zinc, vitamin D and vitamin B12 are prime examples of international fortification experience achieved by proactive governmental nutrition policies. These are essential to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and their follow-up sustainable global health targets. National governmental policies for nutritional security and initiatives are essential to implement both food fortification and targeted supplementation policies to reduce the huge burden of micronutrient deficiency conditions in Southeast Asia and other parts of the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: micronutrient deficiency conditions; nutritional security; fortification of basic foods; governmental public health policy; private sector food processing; Millennium Development Goals micronutrient deficiency conditions; nutritional security; fortification of basic foods; governmental public health policy; private sector food processing; Millennium Development Goals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tulchinsky, T.H. The Key Role of Government in Addressing the Pandemic of Micronutrient Deficiency Conditions in Southeast Asia. Nutrients 2015, 7, 2518-2523.

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