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Nutrients 2014, 6(2), 776-789; doi:10.3390/nu6020776
Article

Characterization of Oilseed Lipids from “DHA-Producing Camelina sativa”: A New Transformed Land Plant Containing Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils

1,* , 2
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2
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1
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1 CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, Marine and Atmospheric Research, Castray Esplanade Hobart, Tasmania 7000, Australia 2 CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, Plant Industry, P.O. Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2013 / Revised: 28 January 2014 / Accepted: 10 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
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Abstract

New and sustainable sources of long-chain (LC, ≥C20) omega-3 oils containing DHA (docosahexaenoic acid, 22:6ω3) are required to meet increasing demands. The lipid content of the oilseed of a novel transgenic, DHA-producing land plant, Camelina sativa, containing microalgal genes able to produce LC omega-3 oils, contained 36% lipid by weight with triacylglycerols (TAG) as the major lipid class in hexane extracts (96% of total lipid). Subsequent chloroform-methanol (CM) extraction recovered further lipid (~50% polar lipid, comprising glycolipids and phospholipids) and residual TAG. The main phospholipid species were phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl ethanolamine. The % DHA was: 6.8% (of total fatty acids) in the TAG-rich hexane extract and 4.2% in the polar lipid-rich CM extract. The relative level of ALA (α-linolenic acid, 18:3ω3) in DHA-camelina seed was higher than the control. Major sterols in both DHA- and control camelina seeds were: sitosterol, campesterol, cholesterol, brassicasterol and isofucosterol. C16–C22 fatty alcohols, including iso-branched and odd-chain alcohols were present, including high levels of iso-17:0, 17:0 and 19:0. Other alcohols present were: 16:0, iso-18:0, 18:0 and 18:1 and the proportions varied between the hexane and CM extracts. These iso-branched odd-chain fatty alcohols, to our knowledge, have not been previously reported. These components may be derived from wax esters, or free fatty alcohols.
Keywords: DHA; docosahexaenoic acid; Camelina sativa; omega-3; long-chain PUFA; triacylglycerol; polar lipids; glycolipids; phospholipids; fish oils DHA; docosahexaenoic acid; Camelina sativa; omega-3; long-chain PUFA; triacylglycerol; polar lipids; glycolipids; phospholipids; fish oils
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Mansour, M.P.; Shrestha, P.; Belide, S.; Petrie, J.R.; Nichols, P.D.; Singh, S.P. Characterization of Oilseed Lipids from “DHA-Producing Camelina sativa”: A New Transformed Land Plant Containing Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils. Nutrients 2014, 6, 776-789.

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