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Nutrients 2014, 6(2), 790-798; doi:10.3390/nu6020790

Nutrients Utilization in Obese Individuals with and without Hypertriglyceridemia

1,* , 1
1 Clinical Nutrition Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University Magna Grecia, Catanzaro 88100, Italy 2 Diabetes, Endocrine-metabolic Dis. Cardiovasc. Prevention Unit, Clinical Inst. "Beato Matteo", Department of Internal Medicine, I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Donato Milanese, Vigevano 27029, Italy 3 Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascolar and Metabolic Research, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg 40330, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2013 / Revised: 23 January 2014 / Accepted: 12 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
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Background: Low fat utilization is linked to weight gain and to the presence of certain atherosclerosis markers. It is not clear whether the presence of hyperlipidemia can further affect nutrients utilization. The main objective of this study was to investigate the fasting fuel utilization of obese subjects suffering from hypertriglyceridemia, and to compare it with that of individuals that are solely obese. Method: We recruited 20 obese individuals with hypertriglyceridemia and 20 matched individuals not affected by hypertriglyceridemia. The fuel utilization (respiratory quotient) was measured by respiratory gas exchange, by Indirect Calorimetry. Results: There was a significant difference in fuel utilization and HDL-cholesterol between cases and controls (respiratory quotient 0.89 ± 0.07 vs. 0.84 ± 0.06; p = 0.020 respectively). The univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis confirmed that hypertrygliceridemia was positively correlated to the respiratory quotient (p = 0.035). Conclusion: obese subjects with hypertriglyceridemia had a higher respiratory quotient in comparison to unaffected subjects. This could suggest a limitation in the beta-oxidation mechanisms; this could actually imply that fatty acids may be redirected from oxidation to reesterification into triglycerides. The study could suggest the presence of different mechanisms unrelated to obesity and also a potential new therapeutic target for hypertriglyceridemia management.
Keywords: triglyceride; fatty acid; obesity; fatty acid oxidation; lipids; nutrients; indirect calorimetry; carboidrates; respiratory quotient triglyceride; fatty acid; obesity; fatty acid oxidation; lipids; nutrients; indirect calorimetry; carboidrates; respiratory quotient
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Montalcini, T.; Lamprinoudi, T.; Morrone, A.; Mazza, E.; Gazzaruso, C.; Romeo, S.; Pujia, A. Nutrients Utilization in Obese Individuals with and without Hypertriglyceridemia. Nutrients 2014, 6, 790-798.

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