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Celiac Disease and Overweight in Children: An Update
Gastroenterology-Hepatology and Nutrition Unit, "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, Rome 00165, Italy
Gastroenterology Unit, Pediatric Clinic of University, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, Bari 70124, Italy
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, Rome 00165, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2013; in revised form: 19 December 2013 / Accepted: 20 December 2013 / Published: 2 January 2014
Abstract: The clinical presentation of celiac disease in children is very variable and differs with age. The prevalence of atypical presentations of celiac disease has increased over the past 2 decades. Several studies in adults and children with celiac disease indicate that obesity/overweight at disease onset is not unusual. In addition, there is a trend towards the development of overweight/obesity in celiac patients who strictly comply with a gluten-free diet. However, the pathogenesis and clinical implications of the coexistence of classic malabsorption (e.g., celiac disease) and overweight/obesity remain unclear. This review investigated the causes and main clinical factors associated with overweight/obesity at the diagnosis of celiac disease and clarified whether gluten withdrawal affects the current trends of the nutritional status of celiac disease patients.
Keywords: celiac disease; overweight; obesity; gluten free diet
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MDPI and ACS Style
Diamanti, A.; Capriati, T.; Basso, M.S.; Panetta, F.; Di Ciommo Laurora, V.M.; Bellucci, F.; Cristofori, F.; Francavilla, R. Celiac Disease and Overweight in Children: An Update. Nutrients 2014, 6, 207-220.
Diamanti A, Capriati T, Basso MS, Panetta F, Di Ciommo Laurora VM, Bellucci F, Cristofori F, Francavilla R. Celiac Disease and Overweight in Children: An Update. Nutrients. 2014; 6(1):207-220.
Diamanti, Antonella; Capriati, Teresa; Basso, Maria S.; Panetta, Fabio; Di Ciommo Laurora, Vincenzo M.; Bellucci, Francesca; Cristofori, Fernanda; Francavilla, Ruggiero. 2014. "Celiac Disease and Overweight in Children: An Update." Nutrients 6, no. 1: 207-220.