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Nutritional Recommendations for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Zinman College for Physical Education & Sports, Wingate Institute, Netanya 42902, Israel
School of Nutritional Sciences, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Cardiology Department, Barzilai Medical Center Campus, Ashkelon 78000, Israel
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Cardiology Department, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva 84101, Israel
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2013; in revised form: 26 August 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 17 September 2013
Abstract: Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, play an important role in the etiology of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). This position paper, written by collaboration between the Israel Heart Association and the Israel Dietetic Association, summarizes the current, preferably latest, literature on the association of nutrition and CVD with emphasis on the level of evidence and practical recommendations. The nutritional information is divided into three main sections: dietary patterns, individual food items, and nutritional supplements. The dietary patterns reviewed include low carbohydrate diet, low-fat diet, Mediterranean diet, and the DASH diet. Foods reviewed in the second section include: whole grains and dietary fiber, vegetables and fruits, nuts, soy, dairy products, alcoholic drinks, coffee and caffeine, tea, chocolate, garlic, and eggs. Supplements reviewed in the third section include salt and sodium, omega-3 and fish oil, phytosterols, antioxidants, vitamin D, magnesium, homocysteine-reducing agents, and coenzyme Q10.
Keywords: guidelines; nutrition; cardiovascular; prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style
Eilat-Adar, S.; Sinai, T.; Yosefy, C.; Henkin, Y. Nutritional Recommendations for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3646-3683.
Eilat-Adar S, Sinai T, Yosefy C, Henkin Y. Nutritional Recommendations for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. Nutrients. 2013; 5(9):3646-3683.
Eilat-Adar, Sigal; Sinai, Tali; Yosefy, Chaim; Henkin, Yaakov. 2013. "Nutritional Recommendations for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention." Nutrients 5, no. 9: 3646-3683.