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Nutrients 2013, 5(9), 3605-3616; doi:10.3390/nu5093605
Review

Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity

1
 and 2,3,4,*
Received: 6 May 2013; in revised form: 21 August 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 13 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
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Abstract: The plethora of vitamin D studies over the recent years highlight the pleomorphic effects of vitamin D outside its conventional role in calcium and bone homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency, though common and known, still faces several challenges among the medical community in terms of proper diagnosis and correction. In this review, the different levels of vitamin D and its clinical implications are highlighted. Recommendations and consensuses for the appropriate dose and duration for each vitamin D status are also emphasized.
Keywords: vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alshahrani, F.; Aljohani, N. Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3605-3616.

AMA Style

Alshahrani F, Aljohani N. Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity. Nutrients. 2013; 5(9):3605-3616.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alshahrani, Fahad; Aljohani, Naji. 2013. "Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity." Nutrients 5, no. 9: 3605-3616.


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