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Diet and Allergic Diseases among Population Aged 0 to 18 Years: Myth or Reality?
Clinical and Epidemiological Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573-14, Lebanon
Laboratory "Santé Travail Environnement", INSERM U897, Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology and Development, University Bordeaux Segalen, Bordeaux 33076, France
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Bordeaux University Hospital, Magellan Avenue, Pessac 33604, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 April 2013; in revised form: 6 August 2013 / Accepted: 7 August 2013 / Published: 29 August 2013
Abstract: Allergic diseases are an important health problem. However, epidemiological studies concerning childhood diet-related allergic diseases are scarce. This review examines published articles dealing with diet, dietary patterns and nutrition in relation with allergic diseases among population aged 0 to 18 years. Studies and trials were identified using MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and were limited to those published in English or French from 1992 until 2012. This manuscript also reviews the evidence for maternal diet during pregnancy and diet during early childhood and their association with childhood atopic diseases, taking into account the methodology used to evaluate dietary patterns. The evidence reviewed is derived from large epidemiological studies exploring the effects of different food categories on asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis in children. Overall, maternal diet during pregnancy and a childhood diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids are considered as healthy diets that could be protective for allergic diseases in childhood.
Keywords: diet; dietary patterns; asthma; allergic rhinitis; atopic dermatitis; atopic diseases; children
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Saadeh, D.; Salameh, P.; Baldi, I.; Raherison, C. Diet and Allergic Diseases among Population Aged 0 to 18 Years: Myth or Reality? Nutrients 2013, 5, 3399-3423.
Saadeh D, Salameh P, Baldi I, Raherison C. Diet and Allergic Diseases among Population Aged 0 to 18 Years: Myth or Reality? Nutrients. 2013; 5(9):3399-3423.
Saadeh, Danielle; Salameh, Pascale; Baldi, Isabelle; Raherison, Chantal. 2013. "Diet and Allergic Diseases among Population Aged 0 to 18 Years: Myth or Reality?" Nutrients 5, no. 9: 3399-3423.