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Nutrients 2013, 5(8), 2955-2968; doi:10.3390/nu5082955
Article

Cocoa Phenolic Extract Protects Pancreatic Beta Cells against Oxidative Stress

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Received: 30 May 2013; in revised form: 19 July 2013 / Accepted: 23 July 2013 / Published: 31 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chocolate and Cocoa in Human Health)
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Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is associated with reductions in glutathione, supporting the critical role of oxidative stress in its pathogenesis. Antioxidant food components such as flavonoids have a protective role against oxidative stress-induced degenerative and age-related diseases. Flavonoids constitute an important part of the human diet; they can be found in most plant foods, including green tea, grapes or cocoa and possess multiple biological activities. This study investigates the chemo-protective effect of a cocoa phenolic extract (CPE) containing mainly flavonoids against oxidative stress induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH) on Ins-1E pancreatic beta cells. Cell viability and oxidative status were evaluated. Ins-1E cells treatment with 5–20 μg/mL CPE for 20 h evoked no cell damage and did not alter ROS production. Addition of 50 μM t-BOOH for 2 h increased ROS and carbonyl groups content and decreased reduced glutathione level. Pre-treatment of cells with CPE significantly prevented the t-BOOH-induced ROS and carbonyl groups and returned antioxidant defences to adequate levels. Thus, Ins-1E cells treated with CPE showed a remarkable recovery of cell viability damaged by t-BOOH, indicating that integrity of surviving machineries in the CPE-treated cells was notably protected against the oxidative insult.
Keywords: antioxidant defences; cocoa flavanols; dietary polyphenols; Ins-1E cells; oxidative biomarkers; type 2 diabetes mellitus antioxidant defences; cocoa flavanols; dietary polyphenols; Ins-1E cells; oxidative biomarkers; type 2 diabetes mellitus
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martín, M.Á.; Ramos, S.; Cordero-Herrero, I.; Bravo, L.; Goya, L. Cocoa Phenolic Extract Protects Pancreatic Beta Cells against Oxidative Stress. Nutrients 2013, 5, 2955-2968.

AMA Style

Martín MÁ, Ramos S, Cordero-Herrero I, Bravo L, Goya L. Cocoa Phenolic Extract Protects Pancreatic Beta Cells against Oxidative Stress. Nutrients. 2013; 5(8):2955-2968.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martín, María Á.; Ramos, Sonia; Cordero-Herrero, Isabel; Bravo, Laura; Goya, Luis. 2013. "Cocoa Phenolic Extract Protects Pancreatic Beta Cells against Oxidative Stress." Nutrients 5, no. 8: 2955-2968.


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