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Nutrients 2013, 5(10), 4093-4114; doi:10.3390/nu5104093
Review

Nutritional Management of Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

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Received: 18 May 2013; in revised form: 14 August 2013 / Accepted: 19 September 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Diabetes)
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Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging global health concern. It is the most common form of chronic liver disease in Western countries, affecting both adults and children. NAFLD encompasses a broad spectrum of fatty liver disease, ranging from simple steatosis (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and is strongly associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. First-line therapy for NAFLD includes weight loss achieved through diet and physical activity. However, there is a lack of evidenced-based dietary recommendations. The American Diabetes Association’s (ADA) recommendations that aim to reduce the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease may also be applicable to the NAFLD population. The objectives of this review are to: (1) provide an overview of NAFLD in the context of insulin resistance, and (2) provide a rationale for applying relevant aspects of the ADA recommendations to the nutritional management of NAFLD.
Keywords: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; hepatic steatosis; insulin resistance; diabetes; nutrition; macronutrients; review nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; hepatic steatosis; insulin resistance; diabetes; nutrition; macronutrients; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Conlon, B.A.; Beasley, J.M.; Aebersold, K.; Jhangiani, S.S.; Wylie-Rosett, J. Nutritional Management of Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Nutrients 2013, 5, 4093-4114.

AMA Style

Conlon BA, Beasley JM, Aebersold K, Jhangiani SS, Wylie-Rosett J. Nutritional Management of Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Nutrients. 2013; 5(10):4093-4114.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Conlon, Beth A.; Beasley, Jeannette M.; Aebersold, Karin; Jhangiani, Sunil S.; Wylie-Rosett, Judith. 2013. "Nutritional Management of Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)." Nutrients 5, no. 10: 4093-4114.



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