Special Issue "Nutrition and Diabetes"
A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2012)
Dr. Elsa M. Janle
Department of Nutrition Science, College of Health and Human Sciences, Purdue University, 700 West State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907-2059, USA
Fax: +1 765 494 0906
Interests: diabetes and glucose control
The effect on nutrition on diabetes and the complications of diabetes is complex. Not only is the proportion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the diet important but the character and quality of these macronutrients is important in glucose control and insulin sensitivity. The glycemic index and glycemic load are concepts which have been developed to aid in maintaining glycemic control. For carbohydrates resistant, starches and nanotechnology are emerging as technologies to influence glycemic index and glycemic load. The amount and type of fiber in the diet is important. For proteins, not only the quantity but the amino acid composition, specifically the branched chain amino acid composition, may be of importance. Saturated fats may increase the probability of heart disease, one of the long term complications of diabetes, whereas omega-3 fatty acids may decrease the probability. It is not only the macronutrients which may impact the outcomes of diabetes. The long-term complications of diabetes have been linked to the over production of reactive oxygen species in the mitochondria resulting from hyper glycemia. Fruits and vegetables, rich in antioxidants may have a role in decreasing oxidative stress and preventing or delaying the long term complications. Included in the potentially important compounds are the antioxidant vitamins, flavonoids, other polyphenols and micronutrients. The purpose of this special issue is to examine the role of dietary components in maintaining glucose control and prevention of long term complications.
Dr. Elsa M. Janle
- resistant starches
- glycemic index
- glycemic load