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Nutrients 2013, 5(1), 267-282; doi:10.3390/nu5010267
Article

A National Observational Study of the Prevalence and Use of Enteral Tube Feeding, Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Glucose in Cancer Patients Enrolled in Specialized Palliative Care

1,2,3,* , 2,3,4
, 1
 and 2,5
Received: 29 November 2012; in revised form: 21 December 2012 / Accepted: 16 January 2013 / Published: 22 January 2013
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Abstract: The use of artificial nutrition remains controversial for cancer patients in palliative care, and its prevalence is largely unknown. We therefore conducted a national study to investigate the prevalence, indications for, and perceived benefit of enteral/parenteral nutrition and intravenous glucose in this patient group. A cross-sectional study was performed within the palliative care research network in Sweden (PANIS), using a web-based survey with 24 questions on demographics, prescribed nutritional treatment, estimated survival and benefit from treatment. Data was received from 32 palliative care units throughout the country, representing 1083 patients with gastrointestinal and gynecological malignancies being the most common diagnoses. Thirteen percent of the patients received enteral/parenteral nutrition or intravenous glucose. Parenteral nutrition (PN) was significantly more common in home care units serving the urban Stockholm region (11%) than in other parts of the country (4%). Weight and appetite loss were the predominant indications for PN, with this treatment deemed beneficial for 75% of the palliative patients. Data show that there was great variation in PN use within the country. PN was predominately initiated when patients had weight and appetite loss but still had oral intake, indicating a use of PN that extends beyond the traditional use for patients with obstruction/semi obstruction.
Keywords: enteral tube feeding; intravenous glucose; neoplasm; nutritional support; palliative care; parenteral nutrition enteral tube feeding; intravenous glucose; neoplasm; nutritional support; palliative care; parenteral nutrition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Orrevall, Y.; Tishelman, C.; Permert, J.; Lundström, S. A National Observational Study of the Prevalence and Use of Enteral Tube Feeding, Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Glucose in Cancer Patients Enrolled in Specialized Palliative Care. Nutrients 2013, 5, 267-282.

AMA Style

Orrevall Y, Tishelman C, Permert J, Lundström S. A National Observational Study of the Prevalence and Use of Enteral Tube Feeding, Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Glucose in Cancer Patients Enrolled in Specialized Palliative Care. Nutrients. 2013; 5(1):267-282.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Orrevall, Ylva; Tishelman, Carol; Permert, Johan; Lundström, Staffan. 2013. "A National Observational Study of the Prevalence and Use of Enteral Tube Feeding, Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Glucose in Cancer Patients Enrolled in Specialized Palliative Care." Nutrients 5, no. 1: 267-282.



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