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Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources
CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, Division of Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, Division of Plant Industry, PO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2010; in revised form: 30 April 2010 / Accepted: 20 May 2010 / Published: 26 May 2010
Abstract: Seafood is currently the best and generally a safe source of long-chain (LC, (≥C20) omega-3 oils amongst the common food groups. LC omega-3 oils are also obtained in lower amounts per serve from red meat, egg and selected other foods. As global population increases the opportunities to increase seafood harvest are limited, therefore new alternate sources are required. Emerging sources include microalgae and under-utilized resources such as Southern Ocean krill. Prospects for new land plant sources of these unique and health-benefiting oils are also particularly promising, offering hope for alternate and sustainable supplies of these key oils, with resulting health, social, economic and environmental benefits.
Keywords: long-chain omega-3; fish oils; aquaculture; algal oils; sustainable sources; novel land plants
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MDPI and ACS Style
Nichols, P.D.; Petrie, J.; Singh, S. Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources. Nutrients 2010, 2, 572-585.
Nichols PD, Petrie J, Singh S. Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources. Nutrients. 2010; 2(6):572-585.
Nichols, Peter D.; Petrie, James; Singh, Surinder. 2010. "Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources." Nutrients 2, no. 6: 572-585.