Nutrients 2010, 2(6), 572-585; doi:10.3390/nu2060572
Review

Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources

1,* email, 2email and 2email
Received: 1 March 2010; in revised form: 30 April 2010 / Accepted: 20 May 2010 / Published: 26 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Omega-3 Update)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Seafood is currently the best and generally a safe source of long-chain (LC, (≥C20) omega-3 oils amongst the common food groups. LC omega-3 oils are also obtained in lower amounts per serve from red meat, egg and selected other foods. As global population increases the opportunities to increase seafood harvest are limited, therefore new alternate sources are required. Emerging sources include microalgae and under-utilized resources such as Southern Ocean krill. Prospects for new land plant sources of these unique and health-benefiting oils are also particularly promising, offering hope for alternate and sustainable supplies of these key oils, with resulting health, social, economic and environmental benefits.
Keywords: long-chain omega-3; fish oils; aquaculture; algal oils; sustainable sources; novel land plants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nichols, P.D.; Petrie, J.; Singh, S. Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources. Nutrients 2010, 2, 572-585.

AMA Style

Nichols PD, Petrie J, Singh S. Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources. Nutrients. 2010; 2(6):572-585.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nichols, Peter D.; Petrie, James; Singh, Surinder. 2010. "Long-Chain Omega-3 Oils–An Update on Sustainable Sources." Nutrients 2, no. 6: 572-585.


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