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Nutrients 2010, 2(3), 290-298; doi:10.3390/nu2030290

Streptococcus mutans, Caries and Simulation Models

* ,
Danisco Finland, Sokeritehtaantie 20, 02460 Kantvik, Finland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 December 2009 / Accepted: 23 February 2010 / Published: 2 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food and Function 2009)
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Dental caries and dental plaque are among the most common diseases worldwide, and are caused by a mixture of microorganisms and food debris. Specific types of acid-producing bacteria, especially Streptococcus mutans, colonize the dental surface and cause damage to the hard tooth structure in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates e.g., sucrose and fructose. This paper reviews the link between S. mutans and caries, as well as different simulation models that are available for studying caries. These models offer a valuable approach to study cariogenicity of different substrates as well as colonization of S. mutans.
Keywords: Caries; Streptococcus mutans; carbohydrates; simulation; hydroxyapatite; artificial saliva Caries; Streptococcus mutans; carbohydrates; simulation; hydroxyapatite; artificial saliva
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Forssten, S.D.; Björklund, M.; Ouwehand, A.C. Streptococcus mutans, Caries and Simulation Models. Nutrients 2010, 2, 290-298.

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