Impaired Gastric Myoelectrical Reactivity in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Compared to Normal-Weight Controls
AbstractObesity often has its onset in childhood and can be accompanied by various comorbidities such as functional gastrointestinal disorders and altered gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA). This study investigates whether obesity in childhood and adolescence is already associated with altered GMA, and whether an inpatient weight loss program affects GMA. Sixty children with obesity (OBE) and 27 normal-weight children (NW) (12.9 ± 1.7 years; 51% female) were compared for their GMA at rest, after a stress test, and after a drink-to-full water load test. A continuous electrogastrogram (EGG) was recorded and analyzed with respect to gastric slow waves and tachygastric activity. OBE were examined upon admission (T1) and before discharge (T2) following an inpatient weight loss program; NW served as control group. Compared to NW, children with obesity showed flattened GMA as indicated by lower tachygastric reactivity after stress and water load test at T1. Data of OBE did not differ between T1 and T2. EGG parameters were associated neither with sex, age, and BMI nor with subjective stress and food intake. Children with obesity show impaired gastric myoelectrical reactivity in response to a stress and water load test compared to normal-weight controls, which does not change during an inpatient weight loss program. View Full-Text
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Weimer, K.; Sauer, H.; Horing, B.; Valitutti, F.; Mazurak, N.; Zipfel, S.; Stengel, A.; Enck, P.; Mack, I. Impaired Gastric Myoelectrical Reactivity in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Compared to Normal-Weight Controls. Nutrients 2018, 10, 699.
Weimer K, Sauer H, Horing B, Valitutti F, Mazurak N, Zipfel S, Stengel A, Enck P, Mack I. Impaired Gastric Myoelectrical Reactivity in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Compared to Normal-Weight Controls. Nutrients. 2018; 10(6):699.Chicago/Turabian Style
Weimer, Katja; Sauer, Helene; Horing, Bjoern; Valitutti, Francesco; Mazurak, Nazar; Zipfel, Stephan; Stengel, Andreas; Enck, Paul; Mack, Isabelle. 2018. "Impaired Gastric Myoelectrical Reactivity in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Compared to Normal-Weight Controls." Nutrients 10, no. 6: 699.
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