Remote Sens. 2011, 3(1), 83-99; doi:10.3390/rs3010083
Article

Satellite-Observed Urbanization Characters in Shanghai, China: Aerosols, Urban Heat Island Effect, and Land–Atmosphere Interactions

1 Department of Meteorology and Climate Science, San José State University, San Jose, CA 95192, USA 2 Department of Geography, San José State University, San Jose, CA 95192, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2010; in revised form: 20 December 2010 / Accepted: 4 January 2011 / Published: 7 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Remote Sensing)
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Abstract: Urbanization reflects how human-activities affect natural climate system. Accurately assessing the urban system by comparing it with the nearby rural regions helps to identify the impacts of urbanization. This work uses the recent satellite observed aerosol, skin temperature, land cover, albedo, cloud fraction and water vapor measurements to reveal how the city of Shanghai, one of the biggest, dense urban areas in East Asia, affects land surface and atmosphere conditions. In addition, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ground observations from AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) is also used to reveal diurnal, seasonal, and interannual variations of the heavy aerosol load over Shanghai region. Furthermore, Shanghai reduces surface albedo, total column water vapor, cloud fraction and increases land skin temperature than rural region. These observations prove that Shanghai significantly modifies local and regional land surface physical properties as well as physical processes, which lead to the urban heat island effect (UHI).
Keywords: urban system; surface heat island effect; urban aerosols; remote sensing

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jin, M.S.; Kessomkiat, W.; Pereira, G. Satellite-Observed Urbanization Characters in Shanghai, China: Aerosols, Urban Heat Island Effect, and Land–Atmosphere Interactions. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 83-99.

AMA Style

Jin MS, Kessomkiat W, Pereira G. Satellite-Observed Urbanization Characters in Shanghai, China: Aerosols, Urban Heat Island Effect, and Land–Atmosphere Interactions. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(1):83-99.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jin, Menglin S.; Kessomkiat, Wittaya; Pereira, Gary. 2011. "Satellite-Observed Urbanization Characters in Shanghai, China: Aerosols, Urban Heat Island Effect, and Land–Atmosphere Interactions." Remote Sens. 3, no. 1: 83-99.

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