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Sustainability 2012, 4(8), 1806-1832; doi:10.3390/su4081806

Small Modular Reactors for Enhancing Energy Security in Developing Countries

1
Development Research Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433, USA
2
Consultant, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2012 / Revised: 26 July 2012 / Accepted: 30 July 2012 / Published: 14 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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Abstract

In recent years, small modular reactors (SMRs) have been attracting considerable attention around the world. SMR designs incorporate innovative approaches to achieve simplicity, modularity and speed of build, passive safety features, proliferation resistance, and reduced financial risk. The incremental capacity expansion associated with SMR deployment could provide a better match (than the large-scale reactors) to the limited grid capacity of many developing countries. Because of their lower capital requirements, SMRs could also effectively address the energy needs of small developing countries with limited financial resources. Although SMRs can have substantially higher specific capital costs as compared to large-scale reactors, they may nevertheless enjoy significant economic benefits due to shorter build times, accelerated learning effects and co-siting economies, temporal and sizing flexibility of deployment, and design simplification. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear power; small modular reactors; nuclear safety nuclear power; small modular reactors; nuclear safety
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Kessides, I.N.; Kuznetsov, V. Small Modular Reactors for Enhancing Energy Security in Developing Countries. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1806-1832.

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