Sustainability 2012, 4(8), 1787-1805; doi:10.3390/su4081787
Article

The Race for Evolutionary Success

1 Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee—Knoxville, McClung Tower, Room 1018, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA 2 Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee—Knoxville, McClung Tower, Room 1001, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2012; in revised form: 25 July 2012 / Accepted: 8 August 2012 / Published: 14 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adaptation or Extinction)
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Abstract: The Earth appears to be at the beginning of sixth massive species extinction. This paper balances a review of the forces threatening species survival with a comprehensive scan of factors that could act as counterweights. These factors could lead to four types of evolution—cultural, regulatory, ecological, and technological—that could individually or in combination avert massive species extinction if humans implement solutions faster than new problems arise. Implications and future research opportunities are also explored.
Keywords: environmental scanning; extinction; evolution; cultural evolution; behavioral evolution; regulatory evolution; policy evolution; ecological evolution; biological evolution; technological evolution

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tonn, B.; Stiefel, D. The Race for Evolutionary Success. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1787-1805.

AMA Style

Tonn B, Stiefel D. The Race for Evolutionary Success. Sustainability. 2012; 4(8):1787-1805.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tonn, Bruce; Stiefel, Dorian. 2012. "The Race for Evolutionary Success." Sustainability 4, no. 8: 1787-1805.

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