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Sustainability 2012, 4(8), 1755-1775; doi:10.3390/su4081755

The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy

*  and
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Research Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2012 / Revised: 24 July 2012 / Accepted: 30 July 2012 / Published: 13 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) is a concept of international and/or multilateral control of nuclear material and/or nuclear fuel cycle facilities. It is a strategy for contributing to and promoting the sustainability of nuclear energy while enhancing nuclear nonproliferation, by ensuring nuclear fuel supplies and fuel cycle services, and risk control and reducing risk regarding nuclear safety. In order to establish such a MNA, the authors draw out 12 features of the MNA by analyzing various past and current MNA proposals, together with the current environment surrounding nuclear energy use. Those proposals are: (A) nuclear nonproliferation, (B) assurance of supply of nuclear material and fuel cycle services, (C) access to technologies, (D) multilateral involvement, (E) siting—choice of host state, (F) legal aspects, (G) political and public acceptance, (H) economics, (I) nuclear safety, (J) nuclear liability, (K) transportation, and (L) geopolitics. These proposals are also expected to serve as a guidepost and evaluation criteria of MNA.
Keywords: Multilateral Nuclear Approach; MNA; features of MNA Multilateral Nuclear Approach; MNA; features of MNA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tazaki, M.; Kuno, Y. The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1755-1775.

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