Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Research Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2012; in revised form: 24 July 2012 / Accepted: 30 July 2012 / Published: 13 August 2012
Abstract: Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) is a concept of international and/or multilateral control of nuclear material and/or nuclear fuel cycle facilities. It is a strategy for contributing to and promoting the sustainability of nuclear energy while enhancing nuclear nonproliferation, by ensuring nuclear fuel supplies and fuel cycle services, and risk control and reducing risk regarding nuclear safety. In order to establish such a MNA, the authors draw out 12 features of the MNA by analyzing various past and current MNA proposals, together with the current environment surrounding nuclear energy use. Those proposals are: (A) nuclear nonproliferation, (B) assurance of supply of nuclear material and fuel cycle services, (C) access to technologies, (D) multilateral involvement, (E) siting—choice of host state, (F) legal aspects, (G) political and public acceptance, (H) economics, (I) nuclear safety, (J) nuclear liability, (K) transportation, and (L) geopolitics. These proposals are also expected to serve as a guidepost and evaluation criteria of MNA.
Keywords: Multilateral Nuclear Approach; MNA; features of MNA
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Tazaki, M.; Kuno, Y. The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1755-1775.
Tazaki M, Kuno Y. The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy. Sustainability. 2012; 4(8):1755-1775.
Tazaki, Makiko; Kuno, Yusuke. 2012. "The Contribution of Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) to the Sustainability of Nuclear Energy." Sustainability 4, no. 8: 1755-1775.