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Sustainability 2012, 4(8), 1683-1710; doi:10.3390/su4081683
Review

Sustainability and the Fixed Bed Nuclear Reactor (FBNR)

Received: 16 June 2012; in revised form: 16 July 2012 / Accepted: 18 July 2012 / Published: 6 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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Abstract: Sustainability as a multifaceted and holistic concept is analyzed. Sustainability involves human relationship with elements such as natural environment, economy, power, governance, education and technology with the ultimate purpose of carrying forward an ever-advancing civilization. The Fixed Bed Nuclear Reactor (FBNR) is an innovative, small, simple in design, inherently safe, non-proliferating, and environmentally friendly concept that its deployment can generate energy in a sustainable manner contributing to the prosperity of humanity. The development of FBNR will provide electricity as well as desalinated water through a simple but advanced technology for the developing, as well as developed countries. FBNR is environmentally friendly due to its inherent safety and the convenience of using its spent fuel as the source of radiation for irradiation purposes in agriculture, industry, and medicine. Politically, if a ping pong game brought peace between China and USA, a program of development of FBNR supported by the peace loving international community can become a more mature means to bring peace among certain apparently hostile nations who crave sustainable energy, desalinated water and simple advanced technology.
Keywords: inherent safety; water desalination; economic system; environment; human nature; education; technology; organic development; IAEA INPRO; innovative nuclear reactor inherent safety; water desalination; economic system; environment; human nature; education; technology; organic development; IAEA INPRO; innovative nuclear reactor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sefidvash, F. Sustainability and the Fixed Bed Nuclear Reactor (FBNR). Sustainability 2012, 4, 1683-1710.

AMA Style

Sefidvash F. Sustainability and the Fixed Bed Nuclear Reactor (FBNR). Sustainability. 2012; 4(8):1683-1710.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sefidvash, Farhang. 2012. "Sustainability and the Fixed Bed Nuclear Reactor (FBNR)." Sustainability 4, no. 8: 1683-1710.


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