Engineering Perspectives and Environmental Life Cycle Optimization to Enhance Aggregate Mining in Vietnam
AbstractCleaner Production (CP) addresses precautionary, site-specific environmental measures to reduce emissions and assess resource efficiency potentials at the point of origin by analyzing operational material and energy flows. The approach is generally based on the criteria quality as well as environmental/occupational health and safety, and promotes their integration. The paper presents options for applying CP to aggregate mining, based on a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and illustrated by results from a study of small-scale industrial aggregate mining in Hoa Binh Province (Vietnam). The regulatory framework to limit the impact of mining on the environment is largely comparable to international standards and is suitably enforced. Despite gaining experience through the practical handling of enforcement procedures over the long term, there is still a considerable potential to optimize CP strategies in Vietnam’s aggregate mining industry. This is shown by the results of a survey of aggregates mining companies in Hoa Binh Province as well as on-site data collection to determine the technological characteristics of production facilities alongside economic and environmental factors. The assessment of the survey is supported by LCA results for: (a) the existing situation; and (b) the scenario of a merging of companies, undertaken to improve the resource efficiency of the aggregate mining in Hoa Binh. Findings can help implement an integrated approach to foster the sustainable mining of building aggregates. View Full-Text
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Schneider, P.; Oswald, K.-D.; Riedel, W.; Meyer, A.; Schiller, G.; Bimesmeier, T.; Pham Thi, V.A.; Nguyen Khac, L. Engineering Perspectives and Environmental Life Cycle Optimization to Enhance Aggregate Mining in Vietnam. Sustainability 2018, 10, 525.
Schneider P, Oswald K-D, Riedel W, Meyer A, Schiller G, Bimesmeier T, Pham Thi VA, Nguyen Khac L. Engineering Perspectives and Environmental Life Cycle Optimization to Enhance Aggregate Mining in Vietnam. Sustainability. 2018; 10(2):525.Chicago/Turabian Style
Schneider, Petra; Oswald, Klaus-Dieter; Riedel, Wolfgang; Meyer, Andreas; Schiller, Georg; Bimesmeier, Tamara; Pham Thi, Viet A.; Nguyen Khac, Long. 2018. "Engineering Perspectives and Environmental Life Cycle Optimization to Enhance Aggregate Mining in Vietnam." Sustainability 10, no. 2: 525.