Future Internet 2013, 5(3), 439-459; doi:10.3390/fi5030439
Article

Physical Layer Network Coding Based on Integer Forcing Precoded Compute and Forward

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Received: 2 July 2013; in revised form: 19 July 2013 / Accepted: 5 August 2013 / Published: 28 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Communications and Networking)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In this paper, we address the implementation of physical layer network coding (PNC) based on compute and forward (CF) in relay networks. It is known that the maximum achievable rates in CF-based transmission is limited due to the channel approximations at the relay. In this work, we propose the integer forcing precoder (IFP), which bypasses this maximum rate achievability limitation. Our precoder requires channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter, but only that of the channel between the transmitter and the relay, which is a feasible assumption. The overall contributions of this paper are three-fold. Firstly, we propose an implementation of CF using IFP and prove that this implementation achieves higher rates as compared to traditional relaying schemes. Further, the probability of error from the proposed scheme is shown to have up to 2 dB of gain over the existent lattice network coding-based implementation of CF. Secondly, we analyze the two phases of transmission in the CF scheme, thereby characterizing the end-to-end behavior of the CF and not only one-phase behavior, as in previous proposals. Finally, we develop decoders for both the relay and the destination. We use a generalization of Bezout’s theorem to justify the construction of these decoders. Further, we make an analytical derivation of the end-to-end probability of error for cubic lattices using the proposed scheme.
Keywords: compute and forward; lattices; relaying; probability of error; precoding; physical-layer network coding; signal-to-noise ratio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gupta, S.; Vázquez-Castro, M.A. Physical Layer Network Coding Based on Integer Forcing Precoded Compute and Forward. Future Internet 2013, 5, 439-459.

AMA Style

Gupta S, Vázquez-Castro MA. Physical Layer Network Coding Based on Integer Forcing Precoded Compute and Forward. Future Internet. 2013; 5(3):439-459.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gupta, Smrati; Vázquez-Castro, M. A. 2013. "Physical Layer Network Coding Based on Integer Forcing Precoded Compute and Forward." Future Internet 5, no. 3: 439-459.

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