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Viruses 2016, 8(10), 274; doi:10.3390/v8100274

Morbillivirus Experimental Animal Models: Measles Virus Pathogenesis Insights from Canine Distemper Virus

1
Laboratório de Virologia, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 91540-000, Brazil
2
Veterinary Medicine Division, Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Federal Institute for Vaccines and Biomedicines, Langen 63225, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard K. Plemper
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 29 September 2016 / Accepted: 30 September 2016 / Published: 11 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Progress in Measles Virus Research)
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Abstract

Morbilliviruses share considerable structural and functional similarities. Even though disease severity varies among the respective host species, the underlying pathogenesis and the clinical signs are comparable. Thus, insights gained with one morbillivirus often apply to the other members of the genus. Since the Canine distemper virus (CDV) causes severe and often lethal disease in dogs and ferrets, it is an attractive model to characterize morbillivirus pathogenesis mechanisms and to evaluate the efficacy of new prophylactic and therapeutic approaches. This review compares the cellular tropism, pathogenesis, mechanisms of persistence and immunosuppression of the Measles virus (MeV) and CDV. It then summarizes the contributions made by studies on the CDV in dogs and ferrets to our understanding of MeV pathogenesis and to vaccine and drugs development. View Full-Text
Keywords: morbillivirus genus; canine distemper virus; animal models; pathogenesis morbillivirus genus; canine distemper virus; animal models; pathogenesis
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da Fontoura Budaszewski, R.; von Messling, V. Morbillivirus Experimental Animal Models: Measles Virus Pathogenesis Insights from Canine Distemper Virus. Viruses 2016, 8, 274.

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