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Viruses 2015, 7(2), 699-706; doi:10.3390/v7020699

Morbillivirus Infections: An Introduction

1
Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam 3000, The Netherlands
2
Department of Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston 02118, MA, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 February 2015 / Accepted: 5 February 2015 / Published: 12 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Morbillivirus Infections)
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Abstract

Research on morbillivirus infections has led to exciting developments in recent years. Global measles vaccination coverage has increased, resulting in a significant reduction in measles mortality. In 2011 rinderpest virus was declared globally eradicated – only the second virus to be eradicated by targeted vaccination. Identification of new cellular receptors and implementation of recombinant viruses expressing fluorescent proteins in a range of model systems have provided fundamental new insights into the pathogenesis of morbilliviruses, and their interactions with the host immune system. Nevertheless, both new and well-studied morbilliviruses are associated with significant disease in wildlife and domestic animals. This illustrates the need for robust surveillance and a strategic focus on barriers that restrict cross-species transmission. Recent and ongoing measles outbreaks also demonstrate that maintenance of high vaccination coverage for these highly infectious agents is critical. This introduction briefly summarizes the most important current research topics in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: paramyxovirus; morbillivirus; measles; rinderpest; distemper; vaccination paramyxovirus; morbillivirus; measles; rinderpest; distemper; vaccination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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de Vries, R.D.; Duprex, W.P.; de Swart, R.L. Morbillivirus Infections: An Introduction. Viruses 2015, 7, 699-706.

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