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Viruses 2014, 6(5), 2084-2121; doi:10.3390/v6052084

Potential for Introduction of Bat-Borne Zoonotic Viruses into the EU: A Review

* ,
Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA), Epidemiology, Surveillance & Risk Group, New Haw, Surrey, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 February 2014 / Revised: 10 April 2014 / Accepted: 6 May 2014 / Published: 16 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats)
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Bat-borne viruses can pose a serious threat to human health, with examples including Nipah virus (NiV) in Bangladesh and Malaysia, and Marburg virus (MARV) in Africa. To date, significant human outbreaks of such viruses have not been reported in the European Union (EU). However, EU countries have strong historical links with many of the countries where NiV and MARV are present and a corresponding high volume of commercial trade and human travel, which poses a potential risk of introduction of these viruses into the EU. In assessing the risks of introduction of these bat-borne zoonotic viruses to the EU, it is important to consider the location and range of bat species known to be susceptible to infection, together with the virus prevalence, seasonality of viral pulses, duration of infection and titre of virus in different bat tissues. In this paper, we review the current scientific knowledge of all these factors, in relation to the introduction of NiV and MARV into the EU.
Keywords: bats; viruses; Nipah; Marburg; European Union; risk bats; viruses; Nipah; Marburg; European Union; risk
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Simons, R.R.L.; Gale, P.; Horigan, V.; Snary, E.L.; Breed, A.C. Potential for Introduction of Bat-Borne Zoonotic Viruses into the EU: A Review. Viruses 2014, 6, 2084-2121.

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