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Viruses 2014, 6(4), 1564-1577; doi:10.3390/v6041564

Poxviruses in Bats … so What?

1,*  and 2,*
Received: 28 January 2014; in revised form: 13 March 2014 / Accepted: 17 March 2014 / Published: 3 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats)
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Abstract: Poxviruses are important pathogens of man and numerous domestic and wild animal species. Cross species (including zoonotic) poxvirus infections can have drastic consequences for the recipient host. Bats are a diverse order of mammals known to carry lethal viral zoonoses such as Rabies, Hendra, Nipah, and SARS. Consequent targeted research is revealing bats to be infected with a rich diversity of novel viruses. Poxviruses were recently identified in bats and the settings in which they were found were dramatically different. Here, we review the natural history of poxviruses in bats and highlight the relationship of the viruses to each other and their context in the Poxviridae family. In addition to considering the zoonotic potential of these viruses, we reflect on the broader implications of these findings. Specifically, the potential to explore and exploit this newfound relationship to study coevolution and cross species transmission together with fundamental aspects of poxvirus host tropism as well as bat virology and immunology.
Keywords: bats; poxviruses; host-range; emergence bats; poxviruses; host-range; emergence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baker, K.S.; Murcia, P.R. Poxviruses in Bats … so What? Viruses 2014, 6, 1564-1577.

AMA Style

Baker KS, Murcia PR. Poxviruses in Bats … so What? Viruses. 2014; 6(4):1564-1577.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baker, Kate S.; Murcia, Pablo R. 2014. "Poxviruses in Bats … so What?" Viruses 6, no. 4: 1564-1577.

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