Viruses 2014, 6(4), 1502-1524; doi:10.3390/v6041502
Article

The Carboxy Terminal Region of the Human Cytomegalovirus Immediate Early 1 (IE1) Protein Disrupts Type II Inteferon Signaling

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Received: 31 December 2013; in revised form: 7 March 2014 / Accepted: 7 March 2014 / Published: 2 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent CMV Research)
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Abstract: Interferons (IFNs) activate the first lines of defense against viruses, and promote innate and adaptive immune responses to viruses. We report that the immediate early 1 (IE1) protein of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) disrupts signaling by IFNγ. The carboxyl-terminal region of IE1 is required for this function. We found no defect in the initial events in IFNγ signaling or in nuclear accumulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) in IE1-expressing cells. Moreover, we did not observe an association between disruption of IFNγ signaling and nuclear domain 10 (ND10) disruption. However, there is reduced binding of STAT1 homodimers to target gamma activated sequence (GAS) elements in the presence of IE1. Co-immunoprecipitation studies failed to support a direct interaction between IE1 and STAT1, although these studies revealed that the C-terminal region of IE1 was required for interaction with STAT2. Together, these results indicate that IE1 disrupts IFNγ signaling by interfering with signaling events in the nucleus through a novel mechanism.
Keywords: human cytomegalovirus; interferons; interferon g; immediate early 1; IE1; STAT1; STAT2; ND10; antiviral defense
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Raghavan, B.; Cook, C.H.; Trgovcich, J. The Carboxy Terminal Region of the Human Cytomegalovirus Immediate Early 1 (IE1) Protein Disrupts Type II Inteferon Signaling. Viruses 2014, 6, 1502-1524.

AMA Style

Raghavan B, Cook CH, Trgovcich J. The Carboxy Terminal Region of the Human Cytomegalovirus Immediate Early 1 (IE1) Protein Disrupts Type II Inteferon Signaling. Viruses. 2014; 6(4):1502-1524.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raghavan, Bindu; Cook, Charles H.; Trgovcich, Joanne. 2014. "The Carboxy Terminal Region of the Human Cytomegalovirus Immediate Early 1 (IE1) Protein Disrupts Type II Inteferon Signaling." Viruses 6, no. 4: 1502-1524.


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