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Viruses 2012, 4(8), 1235-1257; doi:10.3390/v4081235
Review

Updated Values for Molecular Diagnosis for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus

 and *
Received: 20 July 2012; in revised form: 31 July 2012 / Accepted: 3 August 2012 / Published: 7 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue H5N1 Influenza Virus)
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Abstract: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the H5N1 strain pose a pandemic threat. H5N1 strain virus is extremely lethal and contagious for poultry. Even though mortality is 59% in infected humans, these viruses do not spread efficiently between humans. In 1997, an outbreak of H5N1 strain with human cases occurred in Hong Kong. This event highlighted the need for rapid identification and subtyping of influenza A viruses (IAV), not only to facilitate surveillance of the pandemic potential of avian IAV, but also to improve the control and treatment of infected patients. Molecular diagnosis has played a key role in the detection and typing of IAV in recent years, spurred by rapid advances in technologies for detection and characterization of viral RNAs and proteins. Such technologies, which include immunochromatography, quantitative real-time PCR, super high-speed real-time PCR, and isothermal DNA amplification, are expected to contribute to faster and easier diagnosis and typing of IAV.
Keywords: influenza virus; highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1; molecular diagnosis influenza virus; highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1; molecular diagnosis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sakurai, A.; Shibasaki, F. Updated Values for Molecular Diagnosis for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus. Viruses 2012, 4, 1235-1257.

AMA Style

Sakurai A, Shibasaki F. Updated Values for Molecular Diagnosis for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus. Viruses. 2012; 4(8):1235-1257.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sakurai, Akira; Shibasaki, Futoshi. 2012. "Updated Values for Molecular Diagnosis for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus." Viruses 4, no. 8: 1235-1257.


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