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Viruses 2011, 3(9), 1610-1623; doi:10.3390/v3091610

Unconventional Use of LC3 by Coronaviruses through the Alleged Subversion of the ERAD Tuning Pathway

1
Department of Cell Biology and Institute of Biomembranes, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
3
Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Via Vela 6, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland
4
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, School of Life Sciences, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2011 / Revised: 15 August 2011 / Accepted: 22 August 2011 / Published: 5 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autophagy and Viruses)
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Abstract

Pathogens of bacterial and viral origin hijack pathways operating in eukaryotic cells in many ways in order to gain access into the host, to establish themselves and to eventually produce their progeny. The detailed molecular characterization of the subversion mechanisms devised by pathogens to infect host cells is crucial to generate targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we review recent data indicating that coronaviruses probably co-opt membranous carriers derived from the endoplasmic reticulum, which contain proteins that regulate disposal of misfolded polypeptides, for their replication. In addition, we also present models describing potential mechanisms that coronaviruses could employ for this hijacking.
Keywords: coronaviruses; nidoviruses; double-membrane vesicles; MHV; SARS-coronavirus; autophagy; EDEMosomes; EDEM1; OS-9; ERAD; ER quality control coronaviruses; nidoviruses; double-membrane vesicles; MHV; SARS-coronavirus; autophagy; EDEMosomes; EDEM1; OS-9; ERAD; ER quality control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reggiori, F.; De Haan, C.A.; Molinari, M. Unconventional Use of LC3 by Coronaviruses through the Alleged Subversion of the ERAD Tuning Pathway. Viruses 2011, 3, 1610-1623.

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