The Alphavirus Exit Pathway: What We Know and What We Wish We Knew
AbstractAlphaviruses are enveloped positive sense RNA viruses and include serious human pathogens, such as the encephalitic alphaviruses and Chikungunya virus. Alphaviruses are transmitted to humans primarily by mosquito vectors and include species that are classified as emerging pathogens. Alphaviruses assemble highly organized, spherical particles that bud from the plasma membrane. In this review, we discuss what is known about the alphavirus exit pathway during a cellular infection. We describe the viral protein interactions that are critical for virus assembly/budding and the host factors that are involved, and we highlight the recent discovery of cell-to-cell transmission of alphavirus particles via intercellular extensions. Lastly, we discuss outstanding questions in the alphavirus exit pathway that may provide important avenues for future research. View Full-Text
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Brown, R.S.; Wan, J.J.; Kielian, M. The Alphavirus Exit Pathway: What We Know and What We Wish We Knew. Viruses 2018, 10, 89.
Brown RS, Wan JJ, Kielian M. The Alphavirus Exit Pathway: What We Know and What We Wish We Knew. Viruses. 2018; 10(2):89.Chicago/Turabian Style
Brown, Rebecca S.; Wan, Judy J.; Kielian, Margaret. 2018. "The Alphavirus Exit Pathway: What We Know and What We Wish We Knew." Viruses 10, no. 2: 89.
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