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Viruses 2018, 10(2), 51; doi:10.3390/v10020051

Vaccinia virus in Feces and Urine of Wild Rodents from São Paulo State, Brazil

1
Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, UNESP—Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu CEP 18618-970, Brazil
2
Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, USP—Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo CEP 05508-270, Brazil
3
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, UFMG—Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte CEP 31270-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 November 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 20 January 2018 / Published: 23 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smallpox and Emerging Zoonotic Orthopoxviruses: What Is Coming Next?)
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Abstract

The origin of Vaccinia virus (VACV) outbreaks in Brazil remains unknown, but since the isolation of VACV in Mus musculus mice during a zoonotic outbreak affecting cattle and milkers, peridomestic rodents have been suggested to be a link between cows and wild animals. Considering that experimentally infected mice eliminate viral particles in their feces, we investigated the presence of VACV in the feces and urine of wild rodents that were captured in the forest areas surrounding milking farms in the central west region of São Paulo State. For the first time, this work reports the detection of VACV by PCR in the feces of naturally infected Oligoryzomys flavescens, Oligoryzomys nigripes, and Sooretamys angouya, and in the urine of Oligorizomys flavescens, which raises important questions about the spread of VACV by rodent feces and its potential to induce clinical infections in cows. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vaccinia virus; epidemiology; transmission; public health; wild animals; PCR Vaccinia virus; epidemiology; transmission; public health; wild animals; PCR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peres, M.G.; Bacchiega, T.S.; Appolinário, C.M.; Vicente, A.F.; Mioni, M.S.R.; Ribeiro, B.L.D.; Fonseca, C.R.S.; Pelícia, V.C.; Ferreira, F.; Abrahão, J.S.; Megid, J. Vaccinia virus in Feces and Urine of Wild Rodents from São Paulo State, Brazil. Viruses 2018, 10, 51.

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