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Viruses 2009, 1(3), 979-1002; doi:10.3390/v1030979
Review

Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses to Herpes Simplex Virus

1
,
2
 and
1,2,*
Received: 30 July 2009 / Revised: 13 November 2009 / Accepted: 16 November 2009 / Published: 18 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antiviral Responses to Herpes Viruses)
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Abstract

Immune responses against HSV-1 and HSV-2 are complex and involve a delicate interplay between innate signaling pathways and adaptive immune responses. The innate response to HSV involves the induction of type I IFN, whose role in protection against disease is well characterized in vitro and in vivo. Cell types such as NK cells and pDCs contribute to innate anti-HSV responses in vivo. Finally, the adaptive response includes both humoral and cellular components that play important roles in antiviral control and latency. This review summarizes the innate and adaptive effectors that contribute to susceptibility, immune control and pathogenesis of HSV, and highlights the delicate interplay between these two important arms of immunity.
Keywords: Herpes Simplex virus (HSV); innate immunity; antiviral signaling; type I interferon (IFN); Natural killer (NK) cells; plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs); adaptive immunity Herpes Simplex virus (HSV); innate immunity; antiviral signaling; type I interferon (IFN); Natural killer (NK) cells; plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs); adaptive immunity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Chew, T.; Taylor, K.E.; Mossman, K.L. Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses to Herpes Simplex Virus. Viruses 2009, 1, 979-1002.

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