Abstract: The precise role of adaptive immune responses in the clinical outcome of HCV infection is still only partially defined. Recent studies suggest that viral-host cell interactions during the acute phase of infection are essential for viral clearance or progression into chronic HCV infection. This review focuses on different aspects of the adaptive immune responses as determinants of the different outcomes of HCV infection, clearance or persistent infection, and outlines current concepts of HCV evasion strategies. Unravelling these important mechanisms of virus-host interaction will contribute to the development of novel strategies to prevent and control HCV infection.
Keywords: viral clearance; neutralizing antibodies; T cells; escape; vaccine development
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Zeisel, M.B.; Fafi-Kremer, S.; Robinet, E.; Habersetzer, F.; Baumert, T.F.; Stoll-Keller, F. Adaptive Immunity to Hepatitis C Virus. Viruses 2009, 1, 276-297.
Zeisel MB, Fafi-Kremer S, Robinet E, Habersetzer F, Baumert TF, Stoll-Keller F. Adaptive Immunity to Hepatitis C Virus. Viruses. 2009; 1(2):276-297.
Zeisel, Mirjam B.; Fafi-Kremer, Samira; Robinet, Eric; Habersetzer, François; Baumert, Thomas F.; Stoll-Keller, Françoise. 2009. "Adaptive Immunity to Hepatitis C Virus." Viruses 1, no. 2: 276-297.